The Namib Desert is a desert in Namibia and southwest Angola that forms part of the Namib Naukluft National Park, the largest game reserve in Africa. The grains of sand originate in the Orange River, which acts as natural border between South Africa and Namibia. They are blown north by strong trade winds before finishing their journey at Walvis Bay, Namibia, Just north of the desert.
Several unusual species of plants and animals are found in this desert, many of which are endemic and highly adapted to this specific climate of the area. One of the most well-known endemic plants of the Namib is the bizarre Welwichia Mirabilis.
The Namib fauna mostly comprises arthropods and other small animals that can live on little water, but a few species of bigger animals are also found, including antelopes and gazelles (such as oryxes and springboks), ostriches, and in some areas even desert elephants. All these species have developed techniques to survive in the Namib environment. The desert is also home to meerkat and several species if lizards.
The Sossusvlei area is home to the highest sand dunes in the world, exceeding 300 meters in height. One of the more famous dunes to visit or climb, is Big Daddy and Dune 45, the most photographed dune in the world. Deavlei is a clay pan, about 2km from Sossusvlei. A notable feature of Deavlei is that it used to be an oasis with several acacia trees; afterwards, the river that watered the oasis changed it course. This creates a particularly fascinating and surrealistic landscape, that appears in uncountable pictures and that has been used as a setting for films and videos.